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KENYA DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY, 1979
HUSBAND'S QUESTIONNAIRE

NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL HERITAGE

IDENTIFICATION

PROVINCE
DISTRICT
LOCATION/TOWN
SUBLOCATION/WARD
CLUSTER NUMBER
HOUSEHOLD NUMBER
STRUCTURE NUMBER

URBAN/RURAL

urban l
rural 2

NAME OF HOUSEHOLD HEAD

LINE NUMBER OF HUSBAND

LINE NUMBER OF WIFE INTERVIEWED
LINE NUMBER OF WIFE INTERVIEWED
LINE NUMBER OF WIFE INTERVIEWED

INTERVIEWER VISITS 1
DATE
INTERVIEWER'S NAME
RESULT*

NEXT VISIT:
DATE
TIME

INTERVIEWER VISITS 2
DATE
INTERVIEWER'S NAME
RESULT*

NEXT VISIT:
DATE
TIME

INTERVIEWER VISITS 3
DATE
INTERVIEWER'S NAME
RESULT*

FINAL VISIT
MONTH
YEAR
INTERVIEWER NO.
FINAL RESULT

TOTAL NUMBER OF VISITS

RESULT____
*RESULT CODES:

1 COMPLETED
2 NOT AT HOME
3 POSTPONED
4 REFUSED
5 PARTLY COMPLETED
6 OTHER (SPECIFY) __________

LANGUAGE OF QUESTIONNAIRE** ENGLISH

LANGUAGE USED IN INTERVIEW**

RESPONDENT'S LOCAL LANGUAGE**

TRANSLATOR USED

1 NOT AT ALL
2 SOMETIME
3 ALL THE TIME

**LANGUAGE CODES:

01 KALENJIN
02 KAMBA
03 KIKUYU
04 KISII
05 LUHYA
06 LUO
07 MERU/EMBU
08 MIJIKENDA
09 KISWAHILI
10 ENGLISH
11 OTHER

FIELD EDITED BY
NAME
DATE

OFFICE EDITED BY
NAME
DATE

KEYED BY
NAME
DATE

KEYED BY
NAME
DATE

SECTION H1 RESPONDENT'S BACKGROUND

H100. RECORD THE TIME.

HOUR ____
MINUTES ____

H101. First I would like to ask some questions about you and your household. For most of the time until you were 12 years old, did you live in the countryside, in Nairobi or MoMoasa, or in another town?

COUNTRYSIDE 1
NAIROBI/MOMBASA 2
OTHER TOWN 3

H102. How long have you been living continuously in ________ (NAME OF SUBLOCATION, TOWN, CITY)?

YEARS _____
ALWAYS 95
VISITOR 96

H103. It is important to know your exact age. In what month and year were you born?

MONTH ___
DK MONTH 98
YEAR ___
DK YEAR 98

H104. How old were you at your last birthday? INTERVIEWER: COHPARE AND CORRECT H103 AND/OR H104 IF INCONSISTENT.

AGE IN COMPLETED YEARS _______

H105. What is your religion?

CATHOLIC 1
PROTESTANT/OTHER CHRISTIAN 2
MUSLIM 3
OTHER (SPECIFY) ___________ 4
NO RELIGION 5

H106. What is your ethnic group or tribe?

KALENJIN 01
KAMBA 02
KIKUYU 03
KISII 04
LUHYA 05
LUO 06
MERU/EMBU 07
MIJIKENDA/SWAHILI 08
SOMALI 09
OTHER (SPECIFY) ___________ 10

Hl07. Now we come to matters of marriage. Have you been married only once or more than once?

ONCE 1 (GO TO Hl09)
MORE THAN ONCE 2

H108. How many wives or partners do you currently have?

NUMBER _____

H109. How many wives or partners did your father have?

NUMBER ______

Hl10. 1 Would you like to have an additional wife in the future?

YES 1
NO 2
DON'T KNOW 8

H111. Have you ever lost a wife or partner: Through death? Through divorce? (She is not coming back) Through separation? (She might come back)

DEATH
YES 1
NO 2
DIVORCE
YES 1
NO 2
SEPARATION
YES 1
NO 2

H112. In what month and year did you start living with your (first) wife or partner?

MONTH ___
DK MONTH 98
YEAR ___ (GO TO H114)
DK YEAR 98

H113. How old were you when you started living with her?

AGE ________

Hl14. Do you approve or disapprove of divorce?

APPROVE 1
DISAPPROVE 2
DON'T MIND 3

Hl15. Generally, do you approve or disapprove of polygamy?

APPROVE 1
DISAPPROVE 2
DON'T MIND 3

H116. Have you ever attended school?

YES 1
NO 2 (GO TO H120)

H117. What is the highest level of school you attended?

PRIMARY 1
SECONDARY 2
HIGHER 3
UNIVERSITY 4
OTHER (SPECIFY) ___________ 5

H118. What is the highest (standard, form, year) you completed at that level?

STANDARD/FORM/YEAR _______

H119. CHECK 117:

PRIMARY (GO TO H120)
SECONDARY OR ABOVE (GO TO H122)

H120. Have you ever attended an adult literacy class?

YES 1
NO 2

H121. Can you read a letter or newspaper in any language easily, with difficulty, or not at all?

EASILY 1
WITH DIFFICULTY 2
NOT AT ALL 3

H122. Do you usually listen to a radio at least once a week?

YES 1
NO 2

H123 What kind of work do you mainly do?

_______________ __

NEVER WORKED 96 (GO TO H201)

H124. CHECK H123:

DOES NOT WORK IN AGRICULTURE (GO TO H125)
WORKS IN AGRICULTURE (GO TO H127)

H125. Do you work for someone else or for yourself?

FOR SOMEONE ELSE 1
FOR HIMSELF 2 (GO TO H201)

H126. Do you earn a regular wage or salary?

YES 1 (GO TO H201)
NO 2 (GO TO H201)

H127. Do you work mainly on your own land or family land, or on someone else's land?

HIS/FAMILY LAND 1 (TO TO H201)
SOMEONE ELSE'S LAND 2

H128. Do you lease the land or do you work for wages?

LEASES THE LAND 1
WORKS FOR WAGES 2

SECTION H2: CONTRACEPTION

H201. Now I would like to talk about a different topic. There are various ways or methods that a couple can use to delay or avoid a pregnancy. Which of these ways or methods have you heard about?

CIRCLE CODE 1 IN H202 FOR EACH METHOD MENTIONEDSPONTANEOUSLY. THEN PROCEEDDOWNTHE COLUMN, READINGTHE NAMEAND DESCRIPTION OF EACH METHOD NOT MENTIONEDSPONTANEOUSLY.

CIRCLE CODE 2 IF METHOD IS RECOGNIZED, AND CODE 3 IF NOT RECOGNIZED. THEN FOR EACH METHOD WITH CODE 1 OR 2 CIRCLED IN H202, ASK H202A-H204 BEFORE PROCEEDINGTO THE NEXT METHOD.

H202. Have you ever heard of (METHOD)? READ DESCRIPTION.

METHOD 01) PILL Women can take a pill every day.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 01)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 01)
NO 3
METHOD 02) IUD Women can have a loop or coil placed inside them by a doctor or a nurse.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 02)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 02)
NO 3
METHOD 03) INJECTIONS Women can have an injection by a health provider which stops them from becoming pregnant for one or more months.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 03)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 03)
NO 3
METHOD 04) DIAPHRAGM/FOAM/JELLY Women can place a sponge, suppository,diaphragm, jelly, or cream inside themselves before intercourse.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 04)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 04)
NO 3
METHOD 05) CONDOM Men can put a rubber sheath on their penis before sexual intercourse.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H202A METHOD 05)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H202A METHOD 05)
NO 3
METHOD 06) FEMALE STERILISATION Women can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 06)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 06)
NO 3
METHOD 07) MALE STERILISATION Men can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H203 METHOD 07)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H203 METHOD 07)
NO 3
METHOD 08) PERIODIC ABSTINENCE Couples can avoid having sexual intercourse on certain days of the month when the woman is more likely to become pregnant.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H202A METHOD 08)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H202A METHOD 08)
NO 3
METHOD 09) WITHDRAWAL Men can be careful and pull out before climax.
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H202A METHOD 09)
YES/PROBED 2 (GO TO H202A METHOD 09)
NO 3
METHOD 10) ANY OTHER METHOD? Have you heard of any other ways or methods that women or men can use to avoid pregnancy?
(SPECIFY) ________
YES/SPONT 1 (GO TO H202A METHOD 10)
NO 3 (GO TO H205)

H202A. Do you know how to use (METHOD)?

METHOD 05) CONDOM Men can put a rubber sheath on their penis before sexual intercourse.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 08) PERIODIC ABSTINENCE Couples can avoid having sexual intercourse on certain days of the month when the woman is more likely to become pregnant.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 09) WITHDRAWAL Men can be careful and pull out before climax.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 10) ANY OTHER METHOD? Have you heard of any other ways or methods that women or men can use to avoid pregnancy?
(SPECIFY) ________
YES 1
NO 2

H203. Have you ever used (METHOD) with any partner?

METHOD 01) PILL Women can take a pill every day.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 02) IUD Women can have a loop or coil placed inside them by a doctor or a nurse.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 03) INJECTIONS Women can have an injection by a health provider which stops them from becoming pregnant for one or more months.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 04) DIAPHRAGM/FOAM/JELLY Women can place a sponge, suppository,diaphragm, jelly, or cream inside themselves before intercourse.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 05) CONDOM Men can put a rubber sheath on their penis before sexual intercourse.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 06) FEMALE STERILISATION Women can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 07) MALE STERILISATION Men can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 08) PERIODIC ABSTINENCE Couples can avoid having sexual intercourse on certain days of the month when the woman is more likely to become pregnant.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 09) WITHDRAWAL Men can be careful and pull out before climax.
YES 1
NO 2
METHOD 10) ANY OTHER METHOD? Have you heard of any other ways or methods that women or men can use to avoid pregnancy?
(SPECIFY) ________
YES 1
NO 2

H204. Where would you go to obtain (METHOD) if you wanted to use it? (CODES BELOW)

GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL 01
GOVERNMENT HEALTH CENTER 02
FPAK 03
MOBILE CLINIC 04
FIELD EDUCATOR 05
PHARMACY/SHOP 06
PRIVATE HOSPITAL 07
MISSION HOSPITAL/DISPENSARY 08
EMPLOYER'S CLINIC 09
PRIVATE DOCTOR 10
TRADITIONAL HEALER 11
WIFE/PARTNER WOULD GO 12
FRIENDS/RELATIVES 13
OTHER (SPECIFY) 14
NOWHERE 15
DK 98
METHOD 01) PILL Women can take a pill every day.
___
OTHER ___
METHOD 02) IUD Women can have a loop or coil placed inside them by a doctor or a nurse.
_____
OTHER ____
METHOD 03) INJECTIONS Women can have an injection by a health provider which stops them from becoming pregnant for one or more months.
______
OTHER ____
METHOD 04) DIAPHRAGM/FOAM/JELLY Women can place a sponge, suppository,diaphragm, jelly, or cream inside themselves before intercourse.
________
OTHER ___
METHOD 05 CONDOM Men can put a rubber sheath on their penis before sexual intercourse.
_______
OTHER ___
METHOD 06 FEMALE STERILIZATION Women can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
____
OTHER__________
METHOD 07 MALE STERILIZATION Men can have an operation to avoid having any more children.
____
OTHER__________
METHOD 08 PERIODIC ABSTINENCE Couples can avoid having sexual intercourse on certain days of the month when the woman is more likely to become pregnant. Where would you go to obtain advice on periodic abstinence?
__________
OTHER__________

H205. CHECK 203.

NOT A SINGLE YES (NEVER USED) (GO TO 206)
AT LEAST ONE 'YES' (EVER USED) (GO TO 208)

H206. Have use ever used anything with any partner or tried to delay or avoid having a child?
MARK APPROPRIATE BOX WITH AN 'X'.

YES
NO (GO TO 211)

H207. What have use used or done?
CORRECT H202-H204 AS NECESSARY.

H208. How many living children, if any, did you already have when you first did something or used a method to avoid getting pregnant? IF NONE ENTER '00'.

NUMBER OF CHILDREN ________

H209. Are you currentty doing something or using any method with any partner to avoid getting pregnant?

YES 1
NO 2 (GO TO H211)

H210. Which method are you using? CIRCLE ALL MENTIONED.

PILL 1
IUD 1
INJECTIONS 1
DIAPHRAGM/FOAM/JELLY 1
CONDOM 1
FEMALE STERILIZATION 1
MALE STERILIZATION 1
PERIODIC ABSTINENCE 1
WITHDRAWAL 1
OTHER (SPECIFY) __________ 1
(ALL TO H215)

H211. Do you intend to use a method to avoid pregnancy at any time in the future?

YES 1 (GO TO H213)
NO 2
DK 8 (GO TO H215)

H212. Why not?

LACK OF KNOWLEDGE 01 (GO TO H213)
OPPOSED TO FAMILY PLANNING 02 (GO TO H213)
PARTNER DISAPPROVES 03 (GO TO H213)
OTHERS DISAPPROVE 04 (GO TO H213)
HEALTH CONCERNS 05 (GO TO H213)
ACCESS/AVAILABILITY 06 (GO TO H213)
COSTS TOO MUCH 07 (GO TO H213)
INCONVENIENT TO USE 08 (GO TO H213)
INFREQUENT SEX 09 (GO TO H213)
FATALISTIC 10 (GO TO H213)
RELIGION 11 (GO TO H213)
WANTS CHILDREN 12 (GO TO H213)
OTHER (SPECIFY) _____ 13 (GO TO H213)
DK 98 (GO TO H213)

H213. Which method would you prefer to use?

PILL 1
IUD 1
INJECTIONS 1
DIAPHRAGM/FOAM/JELLY 1
CONDOM 1
FEMALE STERILIZATION 1
MALE STERILIZATION 1
PERIODIC ABSTINENCE 1
WITHDRAWAL 1
OTHER (SPECIFY) __________ 1
UNSURE 98

H214. Do you intend to use (PREFERRED METHOD) in the next 12 months?

YES 1
NO 2
DK 8

H215. Is it acceptable or not acceptable to you that family planning information is provided on radio or television?

ACCEPTABLE 1
NOT ACCEPTABLE 2
DK 8

H216. How often have you talked to your wife about family planning in the past year?

NEVER 1
ONCE OR TWICE 2
THREE OR MORE 3

H217. Do you think your wife(s) /partner(s) approves or disapproves of couples using a method to prevent or delay pregnancy?

APPROVES 1
DISAPPROVES 2
DK 8

H218. In general, do you approves or disapproves of couples using a method to prevent or delay pregnancy?

APPROVES 1
DISAPPROVES 2

H219. If couple wish to avoid pregnancy, do you approve or disapprove of their using: The condom? Male sterilisation? Withdrawal?

CONDOM
APPROVES 1
DISAPPROVES 2
DK 8
MALE STERILIZATION
APPROVES 1
DISAPPROVES 2
DK 8
WITHDRAWAL
APPROVES 1
DISAPPROVES 2
DK 8

H220. In your opinion, what is the main problem, if any, with using:The condom? Male sterilisation? Withdrawal?

ENTER CODE FOR EACH METHOD FROM LIST BELOW.

01 NONE
02 NOT EFFECTIVE
03 WIFE/PARTNER DISAPPROVES
04 COMMUNITY DISAPPROVES
05 RELIGION DISAPPROVES
06 HEALTH CONCERN
07 ACCESS/AVAILABILITY
08 COSTS TOO MUCH
09 INCONVENIENT TO USE
10 OTHER(SPECIFY) ________________
98 DK
CONDOM
PROBLEM _________
(OTHER SPECIFY) ___________
MALE STERILIZATION
PROBLEM ____________
(OTHER SPECIFY) ___________
WITHDRAWAL

PROBLEM ___________
(OTHER SPECIFY) ___________

H221. How many own sons do you have? And how many own daughters do you have? IF NONE ENTER '00'.

SONS ______
DAUGHTERS ______

H222. Now I have some questions about the future.
Would you like to have a (another) child or would you prefer not to have any (more) children?

HAVE ANOTHER 1
NO MORE 2 (GO TO H224)
UNDECIDED OR DK 3 (GO TO H224)

H223. How long would you want to wait from now before the birth of a (another) child?

TIME TO WAIT:
MONTHS 1 ___
YEARS 2 ___
DK 998

H224. For how long should a couple wait before starting sexual intercourse after the birth of a baby?

DURATION
MONTHS 1
YEARS 2
OTHER (SPECIFY) ______ 996

H225. Should a mother wait until she has completely stopped breastfeeding before starting to have sexual relations again, or doesn't it matter?

WAIT 1
DOESN'T MATTER 2

H226. From the time a woman gets her period until the time she gets her next period, when do you think she has the greatest chance of becoming pregnant?

PROBE: What are the days during the month when a woman has to be careful to avoid becoming pregnant?

DURING HER PERIOD 1
RIGHT AFTER HER PERIOD HAS ENDED 2
IN THE MIDDLE OF THE CYCLE 3
JUST BEFORE HER PERIO0 BEGINS 4
AT ANY TIME 5
OTHER (SPECIFY) ___________ 6
DK 8

H227. CHECK H221:

NO OWN CHILDREN:
If you could choose exactly the number of children to have in your whole life, how many would that be?

HAS OWN CHILDREN:
If you could go back to the time you did not have any children and could choose exactly the number of children to have in your whole life, how many would that be?

RECORD SINGLE NUMBER OR OTHER ANSWER.

NUMBER _________________
OTHER ANSWER (SPECIFY)___________

H228. How many boys? How many girls?

NUMBER OF BOYS _________
NUMBER OF GIRLS _________
OTHER (SPECIFY) ________ 996

H229. RECORD THE TIME.

HOUR _____
MINUTES _____

INTERVIEWER'S OBSERVATIONS:
________________________________________________________________

Name of Interviewer: __________________
Date: ________________

SUPERVISOR'S OBSERVATIONS:
________________________________________________________________

Name of Supervisor: ___________________
Date: _______________

EDITOR'S OBSERVATIONS:
________________________________________________________________

Name of Editor: _______________________
Date: _______________