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ANCARD_ALL (ANCARD_ALL)
Antenatal card for pregnancy

ANCARD_ALL variables are 2-digit variables.

Codes

0 = No
10 = Yes

11 = Yes, card seen
12 = Yes, card not seen

97 = Don't know
98 = Missing
99 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

For women who gave birth in the last three to five years, ANCARD_ALL (M12_x) indicates whether they received an antenatal card for a pregnancy. Those who did not see anyone for antenatal care were assumed to have no antenatal card.

ANCARD_ALL consists of a set of six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (ANCARD_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., ANCARD_02, ANCARD_03, ANCARD_04, ANCARD_05, and ANCARD_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If ANCARD_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

For most surveys, information for this variable was collected on all births, up to a maximum of six, in the reference period; exceptions in which data were collected on only the most recent birth(s) are noted in the comparability section. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then ANCARD_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Burundi
Ghana
India

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, ANCARD_ALL has no comparability problems. Surveys in which these data were collected on only the most recent birth or two most recent births are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS
ANCARD_ALL (M12_x) is included in Phase II of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Burundi [top]

Data for this variable are available for only the most recent birth (ANCARD_01) in the 2016 Burundi sample.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

Data for this variable are available for only the most recent birth (ANCARD_01) in the Ghana 2014 survey. The Ghana 1993 and 1998 surveys collected information on possession of an antenatal card for additional births.

Comparability — India [top]

Data for this variable are available for only the most recent birth (ANCARD_01) in the 2005 and 2015 India surveys.

The 2005 India survey first asks whether the pregnancy was registered with the ANM (auxiliary nurse midwife) (ANREGISTER_01). It then asks whether the respondent received a card from the ANM.

The 2015 India survey first asks whether the pregnancy was registered (ANREGISTER_01). It then asks whether the respondent received a Mother and Child Protection Card after registration.

Universe

  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who registered the pregnancy.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who registered the pregnancy.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and received antenatal care.
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1998-W
  • Burundi: 2016-W
  • Cameroon: 1991-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2014-W
  • India: 2005-W, 2015-W
  • Kenya: 1993-W
  • Madagascar: 1992-W
  • Malawi: 1992-W
  • Morocco: 1992-W
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 2000-W
  • Niger: 1992-W
  • Nigeria: 1990-W
  • Pakistan: 1991-W
  • Rwanda: 1992-W
  • Senegal: 1992-W, 1997-W
  • Tanzania: 1991-W
  • Zambia: 1992-W, 1996-W