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Nurse gave antenatal care for last birth (Benin)

Codes and Frequencies

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For women who gave birth in the last five years, ANCAREBJ1_01 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported that a nurse gave antenatal care (for the last birth). This response category is country-specific to Benin.

Some samples in the "ANCARE" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

ANCAREBJ1_01 (nurse) is combined with ANCAREBJ2_01 (midwife) for the 2017 Benin sample to make the standard variable ANCARENURM_01 (nurse or midwife). IPUMS-DHS users interested in using ANCAREBJ1_01 are encouraged to review ANCARENURM_01 for this more comprehensive response category.


ANCAREBJ1_01 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question about who provided antenatal care is included in Phase II forward of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Although ANCAREBJ1_01 is a country-specific response, it is combined with other responses in ANCARENURM_01, a standard variable that encompasses nurses/midwives as sources of antenatal care. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of ANCAREBJ1_01 or the Comparability tab of ANCARENURM_01 for more information on the specific categories combined for the Benin samples.


  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Benin: 2017-W, 2017-W