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ANCAREHP_ALL (M2_X)
Person who gave antenatal care

ANCAREHP_ALL variables are 2-digit variables.

See ANCAREHP_01 for the codes for these variables.

Description

For women who gave birth in the last three to five years, ANCAREHP_ALL (M2_x) reports the type of health care personnel (if any) who gave prenatal care. Response categories vary across samples. See Comparability.

ANCAREHP_ALL consists of a set of six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (ANCAREHP_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., ANCAREHP_02, ANCAREHP_03, ANCAREHP_04, ANCAREHP_05, and ANCAREHP_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If ANCAREHP_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

Information for this variable was collected on all births, up to a maximum of six, in the reference period. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then ANCAREHP_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Comparability

Along with universe differences, ANCAREHP_ALL differs across samples in response categories. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses a composite coding system, in which nurse, midwife, and birth attendant share a common first digit of 2 and the second digit differentiates between these responses. According to the DHS Recode Manual for Phase I, "... in many surveys, no differentiation is made between trained nurses and trained midwives."

The category "Other" is sample-specific and must be considered relative to other categories in the sample.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ANCAREHP _ALL (M2_x) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase I only.

Universe

  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1989: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 1987: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1986: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Sudan 1989: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tunisia 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt: 1988-W
  • Ghana: 1988-W
  • Kenya: 1989-W
  • Mali: 1987-W
  • Morocco: 1987-W
  • Senegal: 1986-W
  • Sudan: 1989-W
  • Tunisia: 1988-W
  • Uganda: 1988-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1988-W