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Antenatal care received: X-ray

ANCAREXRAY_ALL variables are 1-digit variables.


0 = No
1 = Yes
7 = Don't know
8 = Missing
9 = NIU (not in universe)


For women who gave birth in the last three to five years, ANCAREXRAY_ALL indicates whether the woman had an x-ray at least once during antenatal care.

ANCAREXRAY_ALL consists of separate variables, covering the most recent birth (ANCAREXRAY_01) and, in some cases, additional births, up to, potentially, the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., ANCAREXRAY_02, ANCAREXRAY_03, ANCAREXRAY_04, ANCAREXRAY_05, and ANCAREXRAY_06). For most surveys, this information on x-rays during pregnancy was collected for only the most recent birth; exceptions are noted in the comparability section.

Comparability — Index



Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, ANCAREXRAY_ALL has no comparability problems. Surveys collecting these data on more than the most recent birth are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ANCAREXRAY_ALL is not included in the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — India [top]

The 1998 Indian survey collected this information for both the last birth and the second-to-last birth.


  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the five years before the survey and received any antenatal care.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the three years before the survey and received any antenatal care.
  • Benin: 2001-W
  • India: 1998-W