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ANCPUBHOS_01 (M57E_1)
Place for antenatal care: Public hospital (last birth)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who gave birth in the last five years and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy, ANCPUBHOS_01 (M57E_1) indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported receiving care at a public hospital.

Some samples in the "ANC" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, such as ANCPUBHOS_01, while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

For example, a given sample might include multiple categories for different types of public hospitals that could be combined to create a more comprehensive response category. See Comparability for more information on the specific categories combined in this variable.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Angola
Bangladesh
Burundi
Egypt
Guinea
Jordan
Mali
Mozambique
Rwanda
Tanzania
Zimbabwe

Comparability

In addition to universe differences, ANCPUBHOS_01 (M57E_1) varies slightly in question wording. Most commonly, this response category is organized under the "Public Sector" header and is worded as "government hospital." However, some countries diverge from this standard convention, and, in some cases, multiple categories were consolidated in ANCPUBHOS_01 to form a single, more comprehensive response. Countries of particular interest are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ANCPUBHOS_01 (M57E_1) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase V forward.

Comparability — Angola [top]

In the 2015 Angola survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for "central hospital," "provincial hospital," and "municipal hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Central hospital is listed as ANCAO1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Provincial hospital is listed as ANCAO2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Municipal hospital is listed as ANCAO3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

In the 2011 Bangladesh survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for "medical college hospital," "specialized college hospital," and "district hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Medical college hospital is listed as ANCBD1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Specialized college hospital is listed as ANCBD2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • District hospital is listed as ANCBD3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Additionally, in the 2014 Bangladesh survey, there are separate categories for "medical college hospital" and "district hospital." These categories are consolidated in ANCPUBHOS_01 and are preserved in ANCBD1_01 and ANCBD3_01, respectively.

Comparability — Burundi [top]

In the 2016 Burundi survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for "national reference hospital," "regional reference hospital," and "district hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • National reference hospital is listed as ANCBI1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Regional reference hospital is listed as ANCBI2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • District hospital is listed as ANCBI3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Egypt [top]

In the 2005, 2008, and 2014 Egypt surveys, under the "Public Sector" header, there are two separate categories for "urban hospital" and "rural hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these two responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Urban hospital is listed as ANCEG1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Rural hospital is listed as ANCEG2_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Guinea [top]

In the 2018 Guinea survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for "national hospital," "regional hospital," and "government prefectural hospital/communal medical center." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • National hospital is listed as ANCGN1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Regional hospital is listed as ANCGN2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Government prefectural hospital/communal medical center is listed as ANCGN3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Jordan [top]

In the 2007, 2012, and 2017 Jordan surveys, under the "Public Sector" header, there are two separate categories for "government hospital" and "university hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these two responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Government hospital is listed as ANCJO1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • University hospital is listed as ANCJO2_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Mali [top]

In the 2012 Mali survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are two separate categories for "national hospital" and "regional hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these two responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • National hospital is listed as ANCML1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Regional hospital is listed as ANCML2_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

In the 2011 Mozambique survey, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for public hospitals: "central hospital," "provincial hospital," and "rural hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Central hospital is listed as ANCMZ1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Provincial hospital is listed as ANCMZ2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Rural hospital is listed as ANCMZ3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

In the 2010 and 2014 Rwanda surveys, under the "Public Sector" header, there are two separate categories for "referral hospital" and "district hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these two responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Referral hospital is listed as ANCRW1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • District hospital is listed as ANCRW2_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

In the 2004 and 2010 Tanzania surveys, under the "Public Sector" header, there are three separate categories for public hospitals: "referral hospital," "district hospital," and "regional hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these three responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Regional hospital is listed as ANCTZ1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • District hospital is listed as ANCTZ2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Referral hospital is listed as ANCTZ3_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Additionally, in the 2015 Tanzania survey, there are four separate categories for public hospitals, including the three aforementioned categories and "regional referral hospital." These responses are all consolidated in ANCPUBHOS_01, and regional referral hospital is preserved in the country-specific variable ANCTZ4_01.

Comparability — Zimbabwe [top]

In the 2010 and 2015 Zimbabwe surveys, under the "Public Sector" header, there are four separate categories for public hospitals: "central hospital," "provincial hospital," "district hospital," and "rural hospital." Because ANCPUBHOS_01 focuses on all public hospitals, these four responses are consolidated in this variable to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific categories:

  • Central hospital is listed as ANCZW1_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Provincial hospital is listed as ANCZW2_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • District hospital is listed as ANCZW3_01 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Rural hospital is listed as ANCZW4_01 in IPUMS-DHS

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Egypt 2003: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Liberia 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Liberia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Rwanda 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zambia 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who received antenatal care during their most recent pregnancy.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-W
  • Angola: 2015-W
  • Bangladesh: 2007-W, 2011-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 2011-W, 2017-W
  • Burkina Faso: 2010-W
  • Burundi: 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Cameroon: 2011-W
  • Chad: 2014-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2011-W
  • Egypt: 2003-W, 2005-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Ethiopia: 2005-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Guinea: 2012-W, 2018-W
  • India: 2005-W, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 2007-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Kenya: 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2009-W, 2014-W
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Madagascar: 2008-W
  • Malawi: 2004-W, 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Mali: 2012-W, 2018-W
  • Mozambique: 2003-W, 2011-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-W
  • Namibia: 2006-W, 2013-W
  • Nepal: 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Niger: 2012-W
  • Nigeria: 2003-W, 2008-W, 2013-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2006-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Rwanda: 2008-W, 2010-W, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 2010-W, 2012-W, 2014-W, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 2016-W
  • Tanzania: 2004-W, 2010-W, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 2013-W
  • Zambia: 2007-W, 2013-W, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 2005-W, 2010-W, 2015-W