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Barrier to woman's health care: Cost of transport

Codes and Frequencies

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BHCCOSTTRAN indicates whether the woman reported "cost of transport" as a barrier to getting medical care for herself.


BHCCOSTTRAN has no comparability problems. To maximize consistency with similar variables, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding for this variable, with "Not a big problem" responses having a first digit of "1" and "Big Problem" having a first digit of "2." The second digit distinguishes between "No problem" (code "11") and "Small problem" (code "12"), when this additional information is available.

Comparability - Standard DHS

BHCCOSTTRAN is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire, but it is based on similar questions about barriers to health care from Phase IV onward.


  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi: 2000-B, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2004-C