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BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL (B11_X)
Length of preceeding birth interval, in months

BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL (B11_x) variables are 3-digit numeric variables.

Codes

999 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL (B11_x) reports the preceding birth interval, or the length of time in months until the child was born, after the mother's previous birth (i.e., after the child's next oldest sibling).

Because BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL relates to the child's older sibling, first-born children and twins of first-born children are not included in this variable set.

BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL consists of a set of twenty separate variables, covering the most recent birth (BIRTHINTPREMO_01) up to the twentieth-most-recent birth (BIRTHINTPREMO_20) for a female respondent of childbearing age. If BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

Information for this variable was collected on all births for a woman, up to a maximum of twenty. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to twenty births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 19 or 20 births). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 20 births and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then BIRTHINTPREMO_20 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Malawi
Senegal
Yemen

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL (B11_x) is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

BIRTHINTPREMO_ALL (B11_x) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase I forward.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

The 2010 Malawi sample includes several negative intervals. This indicates that, for some women, the birth history is not in the correct order. Researchers should use caution when using the 2010 Malawi sample for this variable.

Comparability — Senegal [top]

The 2010 Senegal sample includes several negative intervals. This indicates that, for some women, the birth history is not in the correct order. Researchers should use caution when using the 2010 Senegal sample for this variable.

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 2013 Yemen sample includes several negative intervals. This indicates that, for some women, the birth history is not in the correct order. Researchers should use caution when using the 2013 Yemen sample for this variable.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burundi 1987: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 1988: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 1990: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 1989: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Madagascar 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mali 1987: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Morocco 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 1986: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Sudan 1989: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Tunisia 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 1988: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 1988: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not her first-born child or the twin of her first-born child.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-W
  • Angola: 2015-W
  • Bangladesh: 1994-W, 1997-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2007-W, 2011-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2010-W
  • Burundi: 1987-W, 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1998-W, 2004-W, 2011-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1998-W, 2011-W
  • Egypt: 1988-W, 1992-W, 1995-W, 2000-W, 2005-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2005-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 1988-W, 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 2005-W, 2012-W
  • India: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2005-W, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1990-W, 1997-W, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Kenya: 1989-W, 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2009-W, 2014-W
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1997-W, 2003-W, 2008-W
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Mali: 1987-W, 1995-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Morocco: 1987-W, 1992-W, 2003-W
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 2003-W, 2011-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-W
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2006-W, 2013-W
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1999-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2013-W
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 1986-W, 1992-W, 1997-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2012-W, 2014-W, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 1998-W, 2016-W
  • Sudan: 1989-W
  • Tanzania: 1991-W, 1996-W, 1999-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2015-W
  • Tunisia: 1988-W
  • Uganda: 1988-W, 1995-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 1991-W, 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1992-W, 1996-W, 2001-W, 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1988-W, 1994-W, 1999-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2015-W