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Child ever drank from bottle with nipple

BOTTLEVER_ALL variables are 1-digit variables.


0 = No
1 = Yes
7 = Don't know
8 = Missing
9 = NIU (not in universe)


BOTTLEVER_ALL indicates whether the woman's child has ever drunk from a bottle with a nipple.

BOTTLEVER_ALL consists of a set of up to six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (BOTTLEVER_01) up to, potentially, the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., BOTTLEVER_02, BOTTLEVER_03, BOTTLEVER_04, BOTTLEVER_05, and BOTTLEVER_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If BOTTLEVER_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

The information in BOTTLEVER_ALL was collected for all births within the reference period preceding the survey. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then BOTTLEVER_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Some surveys, noted in the Comparability section, collected this information for the last-born child only (BOTTLEVER_01).

Comparability — Index



Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, BOTTLEVER_ALL has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

BOTTLEVER_ALL is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Pakistan [top]

The 1991 Pakistan survey collected this information for the last-born child only (BOTTLEVER_01).


  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child under age 5 did not drink from a bottle with a nipple yesterday or last night.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54 whose last-born child under age 5 is still alive.
  • Pakistan: 1991-W
  • Yemen: 1991-W