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BRSFEDUR_ALL (M4_X)
Duration of breastfeeding in months

BRSFEDUR_ALL variables are 2-digit variables.

See BRSFEDUR_01 for the codes for these variables.

Description

BRSFEDUR_ALL (M4_x) reports the calculated months of breastfeeding, for women who gave birth in the last three to five years and were no longer breastfeeding the child.

BRSFEDUR_ALL consists of a set of six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (BRSFEDUR_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., BRSFEDUR_02, BRSFEDUR_03, BRSFEDUR_04, BRSFEDUR_05, and BRSFEDUR_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If BRSFEDUR_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

For surveys including this question, information for this variable was collected on all births, up to a maximum of six, in the reference period. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then BRSFEDUR_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

The related variable BRSFEDMO_ALL differs by including women who were still breastfeeding at the time of the interview. The variable BRSFEDCAT_ALL provides categorical information about breastfeeding, reporting whether the woman ever breastfed, and, if so, whether she is still breastfeeding.

The maximum period allowed for BRSFEDUR_ALL during the data editing (by survey administrators) was the interval between the date of birth of the child and the date of interview. For Phase I, cases that exceeded the allowed maximum period were set to "Inconsistent." For Phase II forward, inconsistent durations were left in place, but such cases were flagged in BRSFDFLAG_ALL and were set to "Inconsistent" in BRSFEDMO_ALL. In Phase II only, for Model "A" countries, the "breastfed until died" category was not used.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
India
South Africa

Comparability

BRSFEDUR_ALL (M4_x) changes over time in how the data were edited, and top-coded values depend on the (varying) ages of children included in the inquiry.

As noted in the Description tab, the maximum period allowed for BRSFEDUR_ALL during the data editing (by survey administrators) was the interval between the date of birth of the child and the date of interview. For Phase I, cases that exceeded the allowed maximum period were set to "Inconsistent." For Phase II forward, inconsistent durations were left in place, but such cases were flagged in BRSFDFLAG_ALL and were set to "Inconsistent" in BRSFEDMO_01. In Phase II only, for Model "A" countries, the "breastfed until died" category was not used.

The maximum number of months reported depends on the cut-off age for children included in the child health inquiry. Thus, for samples including children under age 5, the number of months of breastfeeding is top-coded at 60; for samples including children under age 4, the top-code is 48 months; for samples including children under age 3, the top-code is 36 months. See the Universe tab for details on samples of interest.

Comparability - Standard DHS

BRSFEDUR_ALL (M4_x) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 1 through Phase V, using the question "For how many months did you breastfeed (child)?" Beginning in Phase VI, most surveys reported breastfeeding behavior in the broad categories of BRSFEDCAT_ALL.

Comparability — India [top]

The 2015 India survey asks whether any child was ever breastfed, but it only asks how long the last-born child was breastfed. Only last-born children are included in BRSFEDUR_ALL for this sample.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2016 South Africa survey asks whether any child was ever breastfed, but it only asks how long the last-born child was breastfed. Children who are not the last-born child but who were breastfed are not included in BRSFEDUR_ALL for this sample.

Universe

  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burundi 1987: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Chad 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Chad 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2003: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49 who gave birth in the 4 years before the survey.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 1990: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1989: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Liberia 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Liberia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 1987: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and whose child is still living.
  • Rwanda 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1986: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey is no longer breastfeeding.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey is no longer breastfeeding.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey is no longer breastfeeding.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey is no longer breastfeeding.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey is no longer breastfeeding.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey was either never breastfed or is still alive.
  • Sri Lanka 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Sudan 1989: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tunisia 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 4 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and whose child is still living.
  • Zambia 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1988: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh: 1994-W, 1994-W, 1997-W, 1997-W, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2007-W, 2007-W, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2014-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2006-W
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2003-W
  • Burundi: 1987-W
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1998-W, 2004-W, 2011-W
  • Chad: 1996-W, 2004-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1998-W
  • Egypt: 1988-W, 1992-W, 1992-W, 1995-W, 1995-W, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2008-W, 2008-W
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2005-W, 2005-W
  • Ghana: 1988-W, 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2008-W
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • India: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2015-W, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1990-W, 1990-W, 1997-W, 1997-W, 2002-W, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2009-W
  • Kenya: 1989-W, 1993-W, 1998-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2014-W, 2014-W
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2009-W, 2009-W
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-W
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1997-W, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2008-W
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2010-W
  • Mali: 1987-W, 1995-W, 2001-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Morocco: 1987-W, 1992-W, 1992-W, 2003-W, 2003-W
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 2003-W, 2003-W
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2013-W, 2013-W
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2011-W
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2006-W, 2006-W
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1999-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2012-W
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2008-W
  • Senegal: 1986-W, 1992-W, 1997-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2012-W, 2012-W, 2014-W, 2014-W, 2015-W, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2016-W
  • South Africa: 1998-W, 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Sri Lanka: 1987-W
  • Sudan: 1989-W
  • Tanzania: 1991-W, 1996-W, 1999-W, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2010-W
  • Tunisia: 1988-W
  • Uganda: 1988-W, 1995-W, 2001-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2006-W
  • Yemen: 1991-W
  • Zambia: 1992-W, 1996-W, 2001-W, 2007-W, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-W, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1988-W, 1994-W, 1994-W, 1999-W, 1999-W, 2005-W, 2005-W