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CARHH (HV212)
HH has car/truck (from HH record)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

CARHH (HV212) indicates whether any member of the household owns a car or truck (or other motor vehicle). The specific type of motor vehicle mentioned varies across samples. See Comparability.

The information in CARHH is taken from the household record and applies to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bangladesh
Benin
Egypt
Ghana
Jordan
Mali
Namibia
Nepal
Pakistan
South Africa
Yemen

Comparability

In addition to universe differences, CARHH (HV212) varies across samples in the type of motor vehicle specified. Most commonly, the question was "Does any member of this/your household own a car or truck?" Notable exceptions to this phrasing are described below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

CARHH (HV212) is included in the standard DHS household questionnaire from Phase 2 forward. For Phase 2 and 3, the DHS standard questionnaire includes the question "Does any member of your household own a car?" For Phase 4 onward, the wording in the standard questionnaire is "a car or truck."

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

The 2007 Bangladesh survey asked about ownership of a car or truck. The 2014 Bangladesh included ownership of a "microbus" as well.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The 2017 Benin survey differed from the standard wording in asking whether "anyone in the household owns a commercial car or truck."

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The 1988 Egyptian survey asks about ownership of a "private car" or "private transport equipment (truck, van, bus, etc.)." The 2003 Egyptian survey asks about the ownership of "a car/truck/van." For the 2005 and 2008 Egyptian surveys, the questionnaire uses the standard phrasing of "a car or truck."

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The 1993 Ghanaian survey asks about ownership of "a motor vehicle." The 1998 Ghanaian survey asks about ownership of "a car"; the remaining surveys from Ghana refer to "a car or truck."

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 2002, 2007, 2009, 2012, and 2017 Jordan surveys ask, "Does your household have a private car or pick-up?"

Comparability — Mali [top]

The 2006 Mali survey asks whether anyone in the household owns "personal cars" or "commercial cars or trucks." The remaining Malian surveys adopt the standard wording of "a car" (for 1987 and 1995) or "a car or truck" (for 2001).

Comparability — Namibia [top]

The 1996 Namibia survey asks whether any household member owns "a car." The 2000 Namibia survey asks about ownership of "a car or bakkie [small truck with an open area for carrying material] or other motor vehicle." The 2006 and 2013 Namibia surveys use the more standard wording about ownership of "a car or truck."

Comparability — Nepal [top]

While most Nepal surveys asked about ownership of a car or truck, the 2016 Nepal survey asked about ownership of "a car/truck/tractor."

Comparability — Pakistan [top]

The 1991 and 2006 Pakistan surveys ask whether any member of the household owns "a car, van or tractor." The 2012 and 2017 Pakistan surveys ask whether any member of the households owns "a car or truck or bus."

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 1998 South African survey asks about ownership of a car. The 2016 South African survey asks about ownership of "a car, bakkie [pickup truck], van, or truck" "in working order."

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 1991 Yemen survey asks whether the household had a "private car."

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Angola 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Benin 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 1991: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2003: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2009: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: All women age 15-64.
  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 1999: All women age 10-49.
  • Nigeria 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Sri Lanka 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1991: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54.
  • Yemen 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Bangladesh: 2007-H, 2007-C, 2007-W, 2007-M, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2014-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-B, 1996-H, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1993-M, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1993-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1991-M, 1991-C, 1991-B, 1991-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Chad: 1996-W, 1996-B, 1996-M, 1996-H, 1996-C, 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-M, 2004-H, 2004-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-H
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-H, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2013-M
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-M, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1994-H, 1998-M, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Egypt: 1988-W, 1988-C, 1988-B, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2003-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1993-M, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1993-H, 1998-W, 1998-H, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-B, 1999-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • India: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1997-H, 2002-W, 2002-C, 2002-B, 2002-H, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-H, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2009-H, 2009-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2012-W, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-H, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-M, 2009-W, 2009-H, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-M, 2007-H, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-H, 2013-B
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 1992-M, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-W, 2016-H
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-M, 1995-C, 1995-B, 1995-H, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Morocco: 1987-W, 1987-C, 1987-B, 1992-H, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-W, 1992-B, 2003-H, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-W, 2003-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-M, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W, 2015-H
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 1992-H, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-H, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-H, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1992-M, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • Nigeria: 1999-H, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-H, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-H, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-H, 2013-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 1991-H, 1991-C, 1991-M, 1991-B, 2006-W, 2006-H, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-H, 2012-C, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 1992-M, 1992-C, 1992-H, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-H, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-M, 2008-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H
  • Senegal: 1992-B, 1992-M, 1992-H, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1997-B, 1997-M, 1997-H, 1997-W, 1997-C, 2005-B, 2005-M, 2005-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-M, 2010-H, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2012-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2015-M, 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-W, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-H, 1998-C, 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Sri Lanka: 1987-W, 1987-C, 1987-B
  • Tanzania: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-M, 1991-C, 1991-H, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-H, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-H, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W, 2015-H
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-M, 1995-C, 1995-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-H, 1991-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-H, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-H, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-H, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-M, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-H, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-H, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W