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Fuel for cooking and heating: Wood

Codes and Frequencies

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CHWOOD indicates whether the household uses wood for cooking and heating.

The information in CHWOOD is taken from the household record and applies to household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis and using the RESIDENT variable when women, children, and births are the unit of analysis.


Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, CHWOOD is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

CHWOOD is a country-specific household variable not included in the standard DHS questionnaire.


  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • India: 1998-H, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • South Africa: 1998-H, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B