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CONUSMAN1 (V761)
Condom used during woman's most recent intercourse
Group: Condom use

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

CONUSMAN1 (V761) indicates whether the woman used a condom the last time she had sex with her most recent sex partner (from the last 12 months).

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cote d'Ivoire
Ghana
Guinea
Kenya
Mali
Mozambique
Niger
Nigeria
Tanzania
Uganda
Zimbabwe

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, CONUSMAN1 (V761) is largely comparable across samples, apart from some minor differences in question wording, described below.

To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding with "Yes" responses having a first digit of "1." The second digit distinguishes between "Yes, male condom" (code "11") and "Yes, female condom" (code "12"), when this additional information is available.

Comparability - Standard DHS

CONUSMAN1 (V761) first appears in Phase III of the standard DHS questionnaire. In Phase V, the survey format changes, and the question is asked for the woman's last three sexual partners in the last 12 months. The question about condom use with the most recent sex partner is included and consistent in all subsequent phases of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The Benin 1996 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

The survey words this question as "The last time you had sex with (your husband/live-in partner), was a condom used?" For this sample, then, CONUSMAN1 assumes that the last person the respondent had sex with was her husband/live-in partner.

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

The Burkina Faso 1998 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

The survey words this question as "Did you use a condom during your last sexual encounter with your husband/the man with whom you live?" For this sample, then, CONUSMAN1 assumes that the last person the respondent had sex with was her husband/live-in partner.

Comparability — Cote d'Ivoire [top]

The Cote d'Ivoire 1994 survey asks two questions to create this variable. First, it asks "Did you use condoms during the sexual relations you had in the last 2 months?" and then asks "Did you use them each time, sometimes, or rarely?"

The 1998 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question. The 1998 survey words this question as "Did you use a condom during your last sexual encounter with your husband/the man with whom you live?" For this sample, then, CONUSMAN1 assumes that the last person the respondent had sex with was her husband/live-in partner.

The 2011 survey does not share the 1994 and 1998 surveys' comparability issues.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The Ghana survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface, "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

The Ghana 2008 survey specifically asks whether the respondent used a "male condom."

Comparability — Guinea [top]

The Guinea 1999 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The Kenya 1998 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Comparability — Mali [top]

The Mali 1995 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

The Mozambique 1997 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the question was changed to, "Some men use a condom. The last time you had sex, was a condom used?" A definition of a condom was not provided.

Comparability — Niger [top]

The Niger 1998 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The Nigeria 1999 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface, "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

The Tanzania 1999 survey specifically asks about the last time the respondent had sexual intercourse with her husband/live-in partner. For this sample, then, CONUSMAN1 assumes that the last person the respondent had sex with was her husband/live-in partner.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

The Uganda 1995 survey specifically asks about the last time the respondent had sexual intercourse with her husband and/or live-in partner. For this sample, then, CONUSMAN1 assumes that the last person the respondent had sex with was her husband or live-in partner.

Comparability — Zimbabwe [top]

The Zimbabwe 1994 survey asked the interviewer to check whether the respondent knew what condoms were earlier in the survey. If the respondent did not know, the preface "Some men use a condom, which means that they put a rubber sheath on their penis for sexual intercourse" was provided before asking the question.

Universe

  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sexual intercourse.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 2 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months, in households selected for the state module.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sexual intercourse.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sexual intercourse.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Model 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sexual intercourse.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Model: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Namibia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B