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DECFEMEARN (V739)
Final say on spending woman's earnings

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Description

For women who have worked in the last 12 months and were paid in cash or in cash and in kind in the last 12 months, DECFEMEARN (V739) indicates who in the woman's household usually makes decisions regarding how the income she earns is spent.

Comparability

Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, DECFEMEARN (V739) has no comparability problems.

See the Survey Text tab for exact question wording for each sample.

Users should be attentive to universe shifts across phases. See "Comparability - Standard DHS," below, for more details.

Comparability -- Standard DHS

DECFEMEARN (V739) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire from phase III forward. In phase III and IV, all women who have worked in the past 12 months for cash are asked this question. Starting in phase V forward, only women who are currently married or living with a partner and have worked in the past 12 months for cash are asked the question.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49 who are currently working and who were paid in cash.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 who are currently working and who were paid in cash.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49 who are currently working and who were paid in cash or paid both in cash and in kind.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who are currently married, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind, in households selected for the state module.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Model 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Morocco 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man, who have worked in the past 12 months and were paid in cash or both in cash and in kind.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Bangladesh: 1994-C, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Model: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Morocco: 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Namibia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Pakistan: 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B