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Reason why mother left referring health facility for delivery facility

DELREFFROMWHY_ALL variables are 1-digit variables.


1 = Problem during labor, emergency
2 = Health professional wasn't available
3 = Facility was too crowded, no bed available
4 = Facility wasn't open
5 = Other
8 = Missing
9 = NIU (not in universe)


DELREFFROMWHY_ALL reports the reason why the mother moved from the referring health facility to the health facility where the child's delivery occurred.

DELREFFROMWHY_ALL consists of a set of up to six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (DELREFFROMWHY_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., DELREFFROMWHY_02, DELREFFROMWHY_03, DELREFFROMWHY_04, DELREFFROMWHY_05, and DELREFFROMWHY_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If DELREFFROMWHY_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.


DELREFFROMWHY_ALL has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

DELREFFROMWHY_ALL is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.


  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in five years before the survey, who gave birth in a health facility, and who traveled from another health facility to reach the delivery facility.
  • Nigeria: 2018-W, 2018-W