Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Health facility that referred the mother to delivery facility

DELREFFROM_ALL variables are 4-digit variables.


1100 = Government hospital
1200 = Government health center
1300 = Government health post
1900 = Other public sector
2100 = Private hospital/clinic
2900 = Other private medical sector
9994 = No formal referral
9995 = Other
9997 = Don't know
9998 = Missing
9999 = NIU (not in universe)


DELREFFROM_ALL reports the type of health facility that referred or sent the mother to the health facility where the child's delivery occurred.

DELREFFROM_ALL consists of a set of up to six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (DELREFFROM_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., DELREFFROM_02, DELREFFROM_03, DELREFFROM_04, DELREFFROM_05, and DELUMBTRTOOTHP_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If DELREFFROM_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.


DELREFFROM_ALL has no comparability problems.

The harmonized coding categories in the IPUMS-DHS variable DELREFFROM_ALL were constructed to reflect the major and minor categories within the variable. The major categories are:

  • 1000: Public sector facilities
  • 2000: Private medical sector facilities

The second, third, and fourth digits of DELREFFROM's codes distinguish between specific locations and provide additional detail.

Comparability - Standard DHS

DELREFFROM_ALL is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.


  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey, who gave birth in a health facility, and who traveled from another health facility to reach the delivery facility.
  • Nigeria: 2018-W, 2018-W