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DHS-IPUMS-I Ghana regions, 1984-2014

Codes and Frequencies

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DHS_IPUMSI_ GH provides geographic codes for Ghana that match those in the DHS and IPUMS-International databases. This variable can be used to link contextual area data from IPUMS-DHS to IPUMS-International or vice versa. The codes in DHS_IPUMSI_GH indicate the major administrative unit in which the household was enumerated or surveyed.

GIS shapefiles for Ghana can be downloaded here.


The units in DHS_IPUMSI_GH are harmonized across DHS and IPUMS-International samples to account for changing boundaries in the major administrative level of geography. The time span for DHS samples is 1993 to 2014 and corresponds to the census samples from 1984 to 2010 in IPUMS-International.

The Ghana 1988 DHS sample is excluded from DHS_IPUMSI_GH due to inconsistent boundaries and geographic units. The 1988 IPUMS-DHS sample combines Northern, Upper East, and Upper West regions, while later IPUMS-DHS samples and IPUMS-International samples separate these regions.


  • Ghana 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1993-H, 1993-M, 1993-B, 1993-C, 1998-C, 1998-H, 1998-M, 1998-B, 1998-W, 2003-C, 2003-H, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-B, 2003-W, 2008-B, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-H, 2008-C, 2014-W, 2014-H, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-C, 2014-W