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Description

For women who were randomly selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and were ever married or lived with a man, DVEEVER (D104) indicates whether they ever experienced any emotional violence from their husband/partner. Emotional violence includes humiliation, insults, and threats of harm.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Burkina Faso
Cote d'Ivoire
Egypt
Jordan
Kenya
Malawi
Mali
South Africa

Comparability

DVEEVER (D104) is constructed based on responses to questions about humiliation (DVEHUMIL (D103A)), threats (DVETHREAT (D103B)), and insults (DVEINSULT (D103C)). The majority of samples contain all three of those constituent variables, but some contain only DVEHUMIL and DVETHREAT. The absence of DVEINSULT from some samples may result in more "No" responses to DVEEVER than would otherwise have occurred if questions about insults had been consistently included in constructing DVEEVER.

Samples that do not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

The survey questions used to construct DVEEVER (D104) are not included in the standard DHS questionnaire for any phase, but they are based on questions included in Phases IV, V, VI and VII of the standard domestic violence module. DVEHUMIL and DVETHREAT are included Phases IV, V, VI, and VII of the standard domestic violence module; DVEINSULT is included in Phases V, VI, and VII of the module.

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

The 2010 Burkina Faso survey does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Cote d'Ivoire [top]

The 2011 Cote d'Ivoire survey does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The 2005 Egypt survey does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 2007 Jordan survey does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The 2003 Kenya survey does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

The 2004 Malawi does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — Mali [top]

The 2006 Mali does not include DVEINSULT in constructing DVEEVER.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2016 South Africa survey asks about the respondent's current or most recent spouse, live-in partner, or boyfriend.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man, in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man (excluding widows).
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man, in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been in a consummated marriage.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been in a consummated marriage.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man (excluding widows).
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Liberia 2007: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man (excluding widows).
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 18-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a partner, or have ever had a boyfriend.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2018: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the domestic violence module and have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Benin: 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Burkina Faso: 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Chad: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Kenya: 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B
  • Malawi: 2004-W, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Mali: 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Mozambique: 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Namibia: 2013-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-W, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Nigeria: 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-W, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Rwanda: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Tanzania: 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Zambia: 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-W, 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W