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Ethnicity, Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYCD (V131CD) reports responses to a question about the woman's ethnicity, specific to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The groups identified vary slightly across samples. See Comparability.


ETHNICITYCD (V131CD) is a country-specific variable for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that reports the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. Nine ethnic groups (with codes 01 through 09) are reported for all Congolese samples. The broad "other" categories have some variation. IPUMS-DHS therefore uses a composite coding system, in which broad "other" groups share a common first digit of 1, with specific detail preserved by the code's second digit.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B