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Caste or tribe, India

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYIA2 is a variable specific to India that indicates whether the respondent belongs to a caste or a tribe.

The related variable ETHNICITYIA indicates whether the respondent belongs to a scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, or other backward caste.


ETHNICITYIA2 is a country-specific variable for India that collects information about the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. Unlike most DHS surveys, the 1998 and 2005 India surveys collected information about the woman's ethnicity through queries about the head of household. The 2015 India survey collected information about the ethnicity of the respondent.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-B, 1998-C, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W