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Ethnicity, Kenya

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYKE (V131KE) is a variable specific to Kenya that reports responses to a question about the woman's ethnic group/tribe. Responses to this variable differ across samples. See Comparability.


The question wording for ETHNICITYKE (V131KE), "What is your ethnic group/tribe," was consistent across samples, but the responses were not consistent. While nine ethnic groups (with codes 01 through 09) are reported for all Kenyan samples, the number of ethnic groups identified generally increased over time. IPUMS-DHS therefore uses a composite coding system, in which other groups (beyond the first nine) share a common first digit of 1, with specific detail preserved by the code's second digit.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Kenya 1989: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya: 1989-W, 1989-C, 1989-B, 1993-W, 1993-B, 1993-C, 1998-C, 1998-W, 1998-B, 1998-W, 2003-C, 2003-W, 2003-B, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2008-B, 2008-C, 2008-W, 2014-B, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-W