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Ethnicity, Liberia

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYLR (V131LR) is a variable specific to Liberia that reports responses to a question about the woman's ethnicity. The groups identified vary across samples. See Comparability.


ETHNICITYLR (V131LR) is a country-specific variable for Liberia that collects information about the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. There are significant differences in question wording across samples. The 1986 Liberia survey asks, "What is your tribe?," while the 2007, 2013 and 2019 Liberia surveys ask, "What dialect do you speak (besides English)?"

ETHNICITYLR also varies across samples in the number of response categories. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding. The 1986 survey combines Kru and Sarpo in a single category, while later surveys identify these groups separately. All these responses share a first digit of "2," while the second digit distinguishes Kru (code 21) from Sarpo (code 22), when available.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories. ETHNICITYLR (V131LR) is a country-specific variable for Liberia.


  • Liberia 1986: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia: 1986-W, 1986-C, 1986-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2013-W