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Ethnicity, Malawi

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYMW (V131MW) is a variable specific to Malawi that reports responses to a question about the woman's tribe or ethnicity. The number of groups identified varied across samples. See Comparability.


ETHNICITYMW (V131MW) is a country-specific variable for Malawi that collects information about the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. While eight ethnic groups (with codes 01 through 08) are reported for all Malawian samples, the number and names of other ethnic groups vary across samples. IPUMS-DHS therefore uses a composite coding system for groups beyond the first eight. These other groups share a common first digit of 1, and specific detail is provided in the second digit of their codes.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-B, 2000-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-W, 2010-B, 2010-C, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-B, 2016-C, 2016-W