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Ethnicity, Namibia

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYNM (V131NM) is a variable specific to Namibia that reports the respondent's ethnicity, based on the main language spoken in the home. The groups identified vary slightly across samples. See Comparability.


ETHNICITYNM (V131NM) is a country-specific variable for Namibia that collects information about the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. Unlike other countries' surveys that directly ask about ethnicity, ETHNICITYNM uses a question about the respondent's language to determine her ethnicity.

While eight ethnic groups/languages (with codes 01 through 08) are reported for all Namibia samples, the number of ethnic groups identified varies across samples. IPUMS-DHS therefore uses a composite coding system, in which other groups (beyond the first eight) share a common first digit of "1," with specific detail preserved by the code's second digit.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase II forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Namibia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: All women age 15-64.
  • Namibia: 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-W, 2013-B, 2013-C, 2013-W, 2013-W