Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Ethnicity, Nepal

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes


ETHNICITYNP is a variable specific to Nepal that reports responses to a question about the respondent's caste or ethnicity. A broad range of ethnic groups are identified, with the degree of detail and number of categories varying across survey years.


Along with universe differences and slight differences in question wording, ETHNICITYNP varies across samples in the number and specific types of ethnic groups reported.

To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding to reflect the major categories and subgroups within categories in the original DHS variable. The major categories are:

  • 1000: Brahaman/Chhetri
  • 2000: Tarai/Madhesi other castes
  • 3000: Dalits
  • 4000: Newar
  • 5000: Janajati
  • 6000: Muslim
  • 7000: Other

The second, third, and fourth digits of ETHNICITYNP's codes distinguish between specific subgroups and provide detail present only in some samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal: 1996-B, 1996-C, 1996-W, 2001-W, 2001-B, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-C, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2016-B, 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C