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Ethnicity, South Africa

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYZA is a variable specific to South Africa that reports responses to a question about the respondent's ethnicity or race group.


Apart from slight differences in question wording, ETHNICITYZA has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • South Africa 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B