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Ethnicity, Zambia

Codes and Frequencies

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ETHNICITYZM is a variable specific to Zambia that reports responses to a question about the respondent's tribe. A broad range of ethnic groups are identified, with the degree of detail and number of categories varying across survey years. Note that the meaning of "other" ethnicity depends on the number of response categories included in a particular sample.


ETHNICITYZM varies across samples in the number and specific types of ethnic groups reported.

Comparability - Standard DHS

ETHNICITY (V131) is a country-specific variable included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 2 forward, with no standard wording or response categories.


  • Zambia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C