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EVERMARRIED (V535)
Ever been married

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who are not currently married or living with a man, EVERMARRIED (V535) reports the woman's relationship history as "No [never married/in union]," "Formerly married," or "Lived with a man."

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
India
Kenya
South Africa

Comparability

Along with universe difference, EVERMARRIED (V535) has some differences in question wording. Most earlier samples asked, "Have you ever been married or lived with a man?" Later samples asked, "Have you ever been married or lived together with a man as if married?"

Further variations in wording are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

EVERMARRIED is based on a question in the standard DHS questionnaire, with the words "as if married" added to "lived with a man" beginning in Phase V.

Comparability — India [top]

For India 2005 and 2015, information for EVERMARRIED was collected through the general marital status question of "What is your current marital status?" Currently-married women were dropped, and the remaining cases were recoded as "no" or "formerly married" (with no "lived with a man" category).

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The 2003 Kenyan survey form distinguished between "formerly married with certificate" and "formerly married by custom."

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2016 South Africa survey asks, "Have you ever been married or lived together with someone as if married?" Unlike most other surveys, the 2016 South Africa survey does not limit marriage or cohabitation to a relationship between a man and a woman.

Universe

  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a partner.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently married or living with a man.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Namibia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B