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Ever been married or lived with a woman


This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.


For men who are not currently married or living with a woman, EVERMARRIEDMN (MV535) reports the man’s relationship history as "No [never married/in union]" or "Formerly married" or "Lived with a woman."

Comparability — Index



Along with universe differences, EVERMARRIEDMN (MV535) has some differences in question wording. Most early samples ask, "Have you ever been married or lived with a man?" Later samples ask, "Have you ever been married or lived together with a woman as if married?"

Further variations in question wording are noted below.

To maximize comparability across samples, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding for this variable. The answer "No" is coded 0. For men who report having ever been married or lived with a woman, IPUMS-DHS uses a 2-digit coding system, where the first digit indicates whether the male respondent was ever formerly married or lived with a woman (code 10). The second digit indicates whether the male respondent was formerly married (code 11), lived with a woman (code 12), or both formerly married and lived with a woman (code 13).

Comparability - Standard DHS

EVERMARRIEDMN (MV535) is based on a question in the standard DHS questionnaire, with the words "as if married" added to "lived with a woman" beginning in Phase V.


No universe descriptions are currently available.
  • Angola: 2015-M
  • Bangladesh: 2004-M, 2007-M, 2011-M
  • Benin: 1996-M, 2001-M, 2006-M, 2011-M, 2017-M
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-M, 1998-M, 2003-M, 2010-M
  • Burundi: 2010-M, 2016-M
  • Cameroon: 1998-M, 2004-M, 2011-M, 2018-M
  • Central African Republic: 1995-M
  • Chad: 1996-M, 2004-M, 2014-M
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-M, 2013-M
  • Congo Brazzaville: 2005-M, 2011-M
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-M, 1998-M, 2011-M
  • Eswatini (Swaziland): 2006-M
  • Ethiopia: 2000-M, 2005-M, 2011-M, 2016-M
  • Ghana: 1998-M, 2003-M, 2008-M, 2014-M
  • Guinea: 1999-M, 2005-M, 2012-M, 2018-M
  • India: 2015-M
  • Jordan: 2017-M
  • Kenya: 1998-M, 2003-M, 2008-M, 2014-M
  • Lesotho: 2004-M, 2009-M, 2014-M
  • Liberia: 2007-M, 2013-M
  • Madagascar: 2003-M, 2008-M
  • Malawi: 2000-M, 2004-M, 2010-M, 2016-M
  • Mali: 1995-M, 2001-M, 2006-M, 2012-M, 2018-M
  • Mozambique: 1997-M, 2003-M, 2011-M
  • Myanmar: 2015-M
  • Namibia: 2000-M, 2006-M, 2013-M
  • Nepal: 2006-M, 2011-M, 2016-M
  • Niger: 1998-M, 2006-M, 2012-M
  • Nigeria: 1999-M, 2003-M, 2008-M, 2013-M, 2018-M
  • Pakistan: 2012-M
  • Rwanda: 2000-M, 2005-M, 2008-M, 2010-M, 2014-M
  • Senegal: 2005-M, 2010-M, 2014-M, 2015-M, 2016-M, 2017-M
  • South Africa: 2016-M
  • Tanzania: 1996-M, 1999-M, 2004-M, 2010-M, 2015-M
  • Togo: 1998-M, 2013-M
  • Uganda: 1995-M, 2001-M, 2006-M, 2011-M, 2016-M
  • Zambia: 1996-M, 2001-M, 2007-M, 2013-M, 2018-M
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-M, 1999-M, 2005-M, 2010-M, 2015-M