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FCAGE (G106)
Age at own circumcision

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who are circumcised, FCAGE (G106) reports their age at circumcision.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Chad
Nigeria

Comparability

Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, FCAGE (G106) is largely comparable across samples.

Some samples include instructions to probe for an estimated age. Other samples do not include such instructions, and this difference may affect the accuracy and comparability of responses across samples.

In addition to an open-ended response for recording age, some samples include the response category "During infancy." To maximize comparability across samples, IPUMS-DHS codes that response numerically as "0."

Samples with additional comparability issues are discussed in greater detail below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

While FCAGE (G106) is not included in the standard DHS questionnaire, the question is included in all three versions of the standard DHS module on female circumcision. Though there are slight changes in question wording, the variable is generally consistent and comparable across the standard DHS modules.

Comparability — Chad [top]

The 2004 Chad survey includes specific numeric responses, as well as grouped numeric responses (codes "91" through "93"). To maximize comparability, researchers may want to recode specific numeric responses (codes "0" through "44") to match these grouped numeric responses when using the 2004 Chad survey.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The Nigeria 2013 and 2018 survey forms ask for the age of the woman at the first time her circumcision was performed. Earlier Nigerian samples do not specify the first performance of the woman's circumcision.

A DHS final report for Nigeria includes the following text on comparability problems: "The 2008 NDHS showed a higher prevalence of female circumcision than that reported in the 2003 NDHS (30 percent versus 19 percent). However, this increase was actually due to variations in the definition of FGC used in the two surveys. In the 2008 NDHS, some of the field teams included angurya and gishiri cuts in the FGC category while others did not. This was not the case in 2003 NDHS. In the 2013 NDHS, the definition of FGC explicitly followed the WHO definition ... and captured the practice of angurya and gishiri cuts. Any comparisons of FGC data from the 2013 survey with data from these earlier surveys should be made with caution."

Universe

  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module, and who are circumcised.
  • Chad 2004: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module, and who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49, in households selected for the long questionnaire, who are circumcised.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, who are circumcised.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin: 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Cameroon: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B
  • Chad: 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C