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FCCONTINU (G119)
FC should continue or be stopped

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

FCCONTINU (G119) indicates whether the woman thinks female circumcision should continue or stop.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Liberia
Nigeria
Yemen

Comparability

Along with universe differences, FCCONTINU (G119) varies in its response categories across samples, with some samples including an "other" or "it depends" response as well as "continue" and "stop." This question is sometimes asked before respondents are asked about the benefits and advantages of female circumcision and sometimes asked afterwards, which may affect responses. See the survey text tab for more details.

Comparability - Standard DHS

FCCONTINU (G119) is not included in the standard DHS questionnaire but is included in all three versions of the standard DHS module on female circumcision, with "depends" included as one of the response categories.

Comparability — Liberia [top]

The 2007 and 2013 Liberia surveys ask whether the respondent believes bush societies like the Sande society should continue or be stopped. According to the 2007 DHS Final Report:

In Liberia, FGC [female genital cutting] is usually implemented through bush societies or the Sande society, which refer to bush schools for young girls. Girls are taken to the bush where they are taught local customs, sex education, feminine hygiene, and housekeeping skills. They also undergo FGC, which in Liberia consists of removing some or all of the clitoris. Because of the secretive nature of the bush society and the sensitivity of direct questions about FGC, women interviewed in the 2007 LDHS were asked if they had ever heard of a bush society like the Sand society, and, if so, whether they were a member of the Sande society or a woman's bush society. They were further asked whether they thought that this should continue or should stop.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

A DHS final report for Nigeria includes the following text on comparability problems: "The 2008 NDHS showed a higher prevalence of female circumcision than that reported in the 2003 NDHS (30 percent versus 19 percent). However, this increase was actually due to variations in the definition of FGC used in the two surveys. In the 2008 NDHS, some of the field teams included angurya and gishiri cuts in the FGC category while others did not. This was not the case in 2003 NDHS. In the 2013 NDHS, the definition of FGC explicitly followed the WHO definition ... and captured the practice of angurya and gishiri cuts. Any comparisons of FGC data from the 2013 survey with data from these earlier surveys should be made with caution."

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 1991 Yemen survey asks whether the respondent approves or disapproves of female circumcision. The 2013 Yemen survey asks the more standard question, "Do you think this practice should be continued, or should it be stopped?"

Universe

  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module, and who have heard of FC.
  • Chad 2004: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, and who have heard of FC.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Egypt 2003: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Kenya 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49, in households selected for the long questionnaire, and who have heard of FC.
  • Liberia 2007: Women age 15-49 who are members of the Sande society or a woman's bush society.
  • Liberia 2013: Women age 15-49 who are members of the Sande society or a woman's bush society.
  • Mali 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, and who have heard of FC.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Nigeria 1999: All women age 10-49.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49, in households not selected for the men's survey, and who have heard of FC.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who have heard of female circumcision and have at least one living daughter age 0-19.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who have heard of female circumcision and have at least one living daughter age 0-19.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who have heard of female circumcision and have at least one living daughter age 0-19.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who have heard of FC.
  • Benin: 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Cameroon: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B
  • Chad: 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Uganda: 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C
  • Yemen: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C