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FCPERF (G107)
Who performed respondent's circumcision

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who are circumcised, FCPERF (G107) reports who performed the procedure. Responses vary considerably across samples. See Comparability.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Cote d'Ivoire
Egypt
Nigeria

Comparability

Along with universe differences, the responses to FCPERF (G107) vary across samples.

The harmonized coding categories in the IPUMS-DHS variable FCPERF were constructed to reflect the major and minor categories in the original DHS variable (G107). The major categories are:

  • 100: Health professionals
  • 200: Traditional practitioners

The second and third digits of FCPERF's codes distinguish between specific individuals and provide detail present in only some samples.

The meaning of "other" in a given sample depends on the categories specified for that survey. Additionally, samples varied in response category wording for "Trained nurse/midwife." While some samples collected data only for trained or educated nurses and midwives, other samples provided only "nurse/midwife" as the response category. It is therefore possible that untrained nurses and midwives were coded under this category as well. Researchers should note this difference when comparing across samples.

Samples with additional comparability issues are discussed below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

While FCPERF (G107) is not included in the standard DHS questionnaire, the information is collected in all three versions of the standard DHS module on female circumcision. The first version uses the following question wording: "Who cut (or nicked) the genitals?" The second and third versions changed the wording to "Who performed the circumcision?" Question wording in samples vary based on these variations in the DHS module.

Footnotes to the standard modules emphasize that responses should be country-specific. The footnotes to the question in the standard modules state the following:

Coding categories to be developed locally and revised based on information collected before the survey and on the pretest; however, the broad categories [Traditional versus Health Professional] must be maintained. We are only interested in the detailed coding categories for health professionals in the countries where health professionals perform a large amount of circumcisions.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The Benin 2006 survey form specifies "Traditional circumciser" by sex and provides two response categories, "Traditional male circumciser" and "Traditional female circumciser." IPUMS-DHS maintains this detail in the composite coding, while placing both answers in the broad category "Traditional." Researchers interested in using the Benin 2006 sample should note this difference when comparing across samples. The Benin 2001 and 2011 surveys do not classify this response category by gender.

Comparability — Cote d'Ivoire [top]

The Cote d'Ivoire 1994 survey form splits the common response category "Trained nurse/midwife" into two separate responses. Researchers interested in using the Cote d'Ivoire 1994 sample should note this difference when comparing across samples. The remaining Cote d'Ivoire samples provide the more common single response of "(Trained) nurse/midwife."

Cote d'Ivoire 1998 provides both "Traditional circumciser" and "Excisioner" under the response category "Traditional." IPUMS-DHS preserves both responses in composite coding, as it is probable that an "excisioner" practices solely excision (See the variable description for FCTYPE for details on how the World Health Organization defines various types of circumcision.) The remaining Cote d'Ivoire samples do not include "Excisioner" as a response category.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

In the Egypt 1995 survey, women who stated that a doctor performed the circumcision were asked the sex of the doctor. The questionnaire thus provides both "male doctor" and "female doctor" in the response set. IPUMS-DHS maintains this detail in composite coding, while placing both answers in the broad category "Health Professional." Researchers interested in using the Egypt 1995 sample should note this difference when comparing across samples. The Egypt 2008 survey does not classify doctors by gender.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

A DHS final report for Nigeria includes the following text on comparability problems: "The 2008 NDHS showed a higher prevalence of female circumcision than that reported in the 2003 NDHS (30 percent versus 19 percent). However, this increase was actually due to variations in the definition of FGC used in the two surveys. In the 2008 NDHS, some of the field teams included angurya and gishiri cuts in the FGC category while others did not. This was not the case in 2003 NDHS. In the 2013 NDHS, the definition of FGC explicitly followed the WHO definition ... and captured the practice of angurya and gishiri cuts. Any comparisons of FGC data from the 2013 survey with data from these earlier surveys should be made with caution."

Universe

  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module, and who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who were selected and interviewed for the FC module, and who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49, in households selected for the long questionnaire, who are circumcised.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Model 2015: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who are circumcised.
  • Benin: 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Cameroon: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Kenya: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Model: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Senegal: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C