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Cause of fistula: Prolonged labor in childbirth

Codes and Frequencies

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FSCAUSLABOR indicates whether the woman reported prolonged labor in childbirth to be a cause of fistula, in response to an open-ended question about the causes of fistula.

When children are chosen as the unit of analysis, the woman respondent indicates the mother of the child.


FSCAUSLABOR has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

FSCAUSLABOR is included in neither the standard DHS questionnaire nor in the standard version of the fistula module.


  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger: 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W