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How fistula is contracted: Too many births

Codes and Frequencies

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FSHOWEXCES indicates whether the woman reported "too many successive deliveries" in response to an open-ended question about how fistula is contracted.

When children are chosen as the unit of analysis, the woman respondent indicates the mother of the child.


Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, FSHOWEXCES is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

FSHOWEXCES is in neither the standard DHS questionnaire nor the DHS standard fistula module.


  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of fistula.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W