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How fistula was contracted: Witchcraft (open-ended)

Codes and Frequencies

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FSHOWGOTWIT indicates whether the woman mentioned "witchcraft" when asked an open-ended question about the cause of fistula.

When children are chosen as the unit of analysis, the woman respondent indicates the mother of the child.


FSHOWGOTWIT has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

The standard DHS questionnaire includes no questions about fistula. The Standard DHS Module on fistula asks whether the woman's fistula was due to delivery or other (open-ended) causes, but FSHOWGOTWIT was not included in the standard module.


  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of fistula.
  • Niger: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-W