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How fistula is contracted: Other

Codes and Frequencies

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FSHOWOTH indicates whether the woman reported some other response (one not provided in the survey text or incorporated in some other variable) to an open-ended question about how fistula is contracted.

When children are chosen as the unit of analysis, the woman respondent indicates the mother of the child.


Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, FSHOWOTH is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

FSHOWOTH is in neither the standard DHS questionnaire nor the DHS standard fistula module.


  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of fistula.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W