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Signs of fistula: Other

Codes and Frequencies

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FSSYMPOTH indicates whether the woman reported some other symptom as the main manifestation of fistula. The meaning of "other" depends upon the specific symptoms of fistula included in a given sample.

When children are chosen as the unit of analysis, the woman respondent indicates the mother of the child.


Along with universe differences and slight differences in question wording , the meaning of "other" depends on the range of specific responses recorded and thus varies for FSSYMPOTH across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

FSSYMPOTH is included in neither the standard DHS questionnaire nor in the standard DHS module on fistula.


  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of fistula.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of fistula.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-W
  • Niger: 2006-W, 2006-B, 2006-C, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2012-B, 2012-C, 2012-W