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HH members pay for their health care

Codes and Frequencies

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HCHHANYPAY indicates whether household members paid money for health care services.

The information in HCHHANYPAY is taken from the household record and applies to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2") when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.

Comparability — Index



Along with universe differences, HCHHANYPAY differs across samples in question wording and response categories. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding for this variable. All affirmative responses share a common first digit of "1"; additional detail only sometimes available is preserved in the second digit (e.g., code "11" for "Token payment").

Comparability - Standard DHS

HCHHANYPAY is a country-specific variable not included in the standard DHS household questionnaire.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

The 2016 Uganda survey asked about payment for health care services at the place where household members mainly go for health care.

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 2013 Yemen survey asked about payment for health care for the most recent visit of a household member who was treated in a health facility in the past two years.


  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who are members of households with a HH member who was treated in a health facility in the past two years.
  • Uganda: 2016-H, 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-W