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Number of orphans and vulnerable children in HH

Codes and Frequencies

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HHORPHANNO (HV251) indicates the number of orphans and vulnerable children in the household.

The information in HHORPHANNO is taken from the household record and applies to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.


HHORPHANNO (HV251) has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

HHORPHANNO (HV251) was included in Phase 5 of the standard DHS household questionnaire, as part of the HIV/AIDS module.

Questions relating to the situation of orphans and vulnerable children were supposed to be included in countries where HIV prevalence is higher than 5 percent or where more than 8 percent of children age 0-17 are orphans (i.e., one or both biological parents have died).


  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi: 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H
  • Nigeria: 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-H, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-H, 2013-B
  • Uganda: 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H
  • Zambia: 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-H