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HUSEDLVL (V701)
Partner's educational level
Group: Education

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who had ever been married or lived with a man, HUSEDLVL (V701) reports the highest level of school attended by their most recent husband/partner. Countries vary in the gradations of their school systems, but HUSEDLVL is a standardized variable reporting the level of education in four categories: No education, Primary, Secondary, and Higher.

The DHS recode manuals state, "In some countries the educational system does not fit naturally within this scheme, and a different categorization was used for the Final Report. In this case, this variable is constructed as accurately as possible from the country's own scheme, and the variable used for the Final Report is included as a country-specific variable."

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Jordan
South Africa
Yemen

Comparability

HUSEDLVL (V701) is constructed by the DHS administrators to be standardized across countries and surveys as accurately as possible. As noted in the Description tab, the question wording for HUSEDLVL reflects the structure of each country's educational system. Users concerned with country-specific question wording should consult the Survey Text tab. Apart from this country-level variation in question wording, HUSEDLVL has no comparability issues.

Comparability - Standard DHS

HUSEDLVL (V701) is derived from questions in the standard DHS questionnaire from phase I forward. These questions vary in wording according to each country's educational system. The standardized recode variable of HUSEDLVL is included in every phase of DHS data.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 2002 Jordan sample is not included in HUSEDLVL, because the response categories could not be divided into primary, secondary, and higher. See HUSEDLVLJO for the country-specific variable indicating the respondent's highest level of education attended.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

Unlike most other surveys, the 2016 South Africa survey does not limit marriage or cohabitation to a relationship between a man and a woman; the 2016 South Africa questionnaire asks about the woman's "spouse/partner."

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 2013 Yemen sample is not included in HUSEDLVL, because the response categories could not be divided into primary, secondary, and higher. See HUSEDLVLYE for the country-specific variable indicating the respondent's highest level of education attended.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burundi 1987: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Ghana 1988: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married, in households selected for the state module.
  • Jordan 1990: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married.
  • Kenya 1989: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Madagascar 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 1987: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Morocco 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently married.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Senegal 1986: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a partner.
  • Sudan 1989: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Tunisia 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 1988: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 1988: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever been married or lived with a man.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who are currently married or living with a man.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Bangladesh: 1994-C, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 1987-C, 1987-B, 1987-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1991-C, 1991-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1988-W, 1988-C, 1988-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 1988-W, 1988-C, 1988-B, 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • India: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Jordan: 1990-W, 1990-C, 1990-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Kenya: 1989-W, 1989-C, 1989-B, 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 1987-W, 1987-C, 1987-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Morocco: 1987-W, 1987-C, 1987-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1990-C, 1990-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 1991-C, 1991-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 1986-B, 1986-W, 1986-C, 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1997-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Sudan: 1989-B, 1989-W, 1989-C
  • Tanzania: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Tunisia: 1988-W, 1988-C, 1988-B
  • Uganda: 1988-B, 1988-W, 1988-C, 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Yemen: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1988-B, 1988-W, 1988-C, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B