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INJNEWNEDL (V480)
Last injection from new syringe and needle

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who have received an injection from a health professional in the last 6 to 12 months, INJNEWNEDL (V480) reports whether the person who gave them their last injection used a syringe and needle from a new, unopened package.

There is some variation in how the "person who gave the last injection" is described. See Comparability.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Ethiopia
Guinea
India
Lesotho
Mali
Niger

Comparability

Along with universe differences, INJNEWNEDL (V480) has some variation in question wording, and the meaning implied by preceding questions that may affect comparability for this variable across samples.

The majority of surveys ask, "The last time you had an injection from a health worker, did the person who gave you that injection take the syringe and needle from a new, unopened package?" [emphasis added]. These surveys follow the phase VI and VII standard questionnaires.

Other surveys ask a question about the last time the woman had an injection from a health professional, and then ask the question regarding the use of a clean syringe specifically regarding their aforementioned last experience with a health professional. These surveys follow the phase V standard questionnaire.

A third group of surveys does not specify whether this question refers to an injection performed by a health professional, specifically. Although typically only women who have had an injection by a health professional in the last 6 to 12 months are in the universe, the question simply asks, "The last time you had an injection, did the person who gave you that injection take the syringe and needle from a new, unopened package?" These surveys are noted in the country-specific comparability text below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

INJNEWNEDL (V480) is first introduced in phase V of the standard DHS, using the question wording, "Did the person who gave you that injection take the syringe and needle from a new, unopened package?" The question wording changes slightly in phase VI, to "The last time you got an injection from a health worker, did he/she take the syringe and needle from a new, unopened package?" The question wording is consistent in subsequent standard DHS surveys.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The Benin 2006 survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The Ethiopia 2011 survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection). Additionally, the universe for this question includes women who have had an injection from any person in the last 12 months (see the Universe tab). Researchers should be especially attentive to the surrounding survey questions when using the INJNEWNEDL variable from this sample (see the Survey Text tab).

Comparability — Guinea [top]

The Guinea 2005 survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Comparability — India [top]

The 2015 India survey asks, "The last time you had an injection, was a disposable syringe used?" This question neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Comparability — Lesotho [top]

The 2004 Lesotho survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Comparability — Mali [top]

The Mali 2006 survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Comparability — Niger [top]

The Niger 2006 survey neither specifies whether the person who gave the woman her last injection was a health worker nor whether the question was referring to a last injection by a health worker (in contrast to any last injection).

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months, in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months, in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection in the past 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who received an injection in the past 12 months.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months, in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who received an injection in the past 3 months.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Liberia 2007: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Liberia 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months, in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Yemen 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Zambia 2018: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 6 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who received an injection from a health professional in the past 12 months.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Benin: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Burkina Faso: 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Chad: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B
  • Ethiopia: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Kenya: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Madagascar: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Mozambique: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Namibia: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Niger: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Rwanda: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Tanzania: 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Uganda: 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zambia: 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B
  • Zimbabwe: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B