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(Any) member of HH covered by health scheme/health insurance

Codes and Frequencies

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INSHHANY indicates whether a member of the household is covered by health insurance. Question wording varies across samples; see Comparability.

The information in INSHHANY is taken from the household record and may apply to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2") when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.

Comparability — Index



INSHHANY varies across samples in question wording. In some cases, the question was whether any regular (non-visiting) household member had insurance; in other cases, the reference person for insurance coverage was the respondent for the household survey. Since insurance policies sometimes cover all co-resident members of a nuclear family, this difference in wording may not always matter. The terminology for "insurance coverage" also varies across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

INSHHANY is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS household questionnaire.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The 2003 Ghana survey asks whether "you" (the respondent for the household survey) are "currently a member of a mutual health organization or health insurance scheme."

Comparability — India [top]

The 2005 and 2015 Indian surveys ask about coverage in a "health scheme or health insurance" by "any usual member of this household."


  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana: 2003-C, 2003-H, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-B, 2003-W
  • India: 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-M, 2005-W, 2005-H, 2005-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H, 2015-W
  • Rwanda: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-M, 2008-H