Codes and Frequencies
KNOWSFRENCH indicates whether the respondent understands French.
Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, described below, KNOWSFRENCH is largely comparable across samples.
To maximize comparability, IPUMS-DHS uses composite coding with "Yes" responses having a first digit of "1." The second digit distinguishes between "Yes, easily" (code "11") and "Yes, with difficulty" (code "12"), when this additional information is available.
Comparability - Standard DHS
KNOWSFRENCH is a country-specific variable not included in any of the standard DHS modules.
- Burkina Faso 1998: All women age 15-49.
- Togo 1998: Women age 15-49 who have no education or whose highest level of education was primary school.