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Native language of female interview respondent

Codes and Frequencies

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LANGNATIVEIR (V045C) reports the native language of the respondent for the woman's interview.


Along with universe differences, LANGNATIVEIR (V045C) has sample-specific responses in the original DHS data. LANGNATIVEIR uses composite coding, in which the first digit of the code indicates the broad region of the world (e.g., "1" for European languages) and the remaining digits identify the specific language (e.g., "1001" for English). Codes ending in "999" mean "other language" within the broad language group (e.g., "1999" for "Other European language"). Note that the meaning of "other" in this context is sample-specific, meaning "other than the languages recorded for this particular sample."

Comparability - Standard DHS

LANGNATIVEIR (V045C) is included in the standard DHS women's questionnaire beginning in Phase VII. Responses are sample-specific.


  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 1986: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Benin: 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Burundi: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Guinea: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Jordan: 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Liberia: 1986-W, 1986-C, 1986-B
  • Malawi: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Mali: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Nepal: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Nigeria: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Uganda: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Zambia: 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W