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Dwelling located in or near: Airway or bridge

Codes and Frequencies

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LIVEBYAIRWAY indicates whether the household's dwelling is located in or near an airway or, in some surveys, a bridge.

The information in LIVEBYAIRWAY is taken from the household record and applies to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2") when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.

Comparability — Index



Along with universe differences, LIVEBYAIRWAY differs across surveys in question wording (see below).

Comparability - Standard DHS

LIVEBYAIRWAY is a country-specific variable not included in the standard DHS household questionnaire.

Comparability — Cameroon [top]

The 2011 Cameroon survey asks about the dwelling's proximity to an airway or bridge.

Comparability — India [top]

The 2005 India survey asks whether the dwelling is near a flyover area.


  • Cameroon 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 in households surveyed in Kolkata and Mumbai.
  • Cameroon: 2011-B, 2011-M, 2011-H, 2011-W, 2011-C
  • India: 2005-B, 2005-M, 2005-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C