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Malaria spread by: Mosquitoes

Codes and Frequencies

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MLSPREDMQ indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, the woman reported mosquitoes as a way to get malaria.

Comparability — Index



Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording (described below), MLSPREDMQ is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

MLSPREDMQ is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Guinea [top]

The 1999 Guinea survey specifies, "Being bitten by mosquitoes," as opposed to the more common "Mosquitoes."

Comparability — Mali [top]

The 2018 Mali survey specifies "mosquito bite" as opposed to the more common "mosquitoes."

Further, the 2018 Mali survey asks specifically about the main cause of malaria.

Comparability — Namibia [top]

The 2006 Namibia survey specifies, "Mosquito bites," as opposed to the more common "Mosquitoes."


  • Ghana 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who have heard of malaria.
  • Mali 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who have heard of malaria.
  • Rwanda 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana: 2016-W, 2016-C
  • Guinea: 1999-C, 1999-B, 1999-W
  • Mali: 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W
  • Namibia: 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-W
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-B, 2005-C