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Liquids given before breastmilk, first 3 days: Fermented beverage (last birth)

Codes and Frequencies

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NBFEDFERM_01 indicates whether the respondent's child was given a fermented beverage in the first three days (for the last birth).

Comparability — Index



NBFEDFERM_01 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

NBFEDFERM_01 is based on an open-ended question about foods given to newborns in the first three days after delivery, included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phases IV through VI. NBFEDFERM_01 is a country-specific response category.

In Phase IV, the standard questionnaire asks, "What was (NAME) given to drink before your milk began flowing regularly?"

In Phases V and VI, the standard questionnaires ask, "What was (NAME) given to drink?"

Comparability — Angola [top]

The 2015 Angola questionnaire includes "Quissangua," a fermented corn drink, as a response category.


  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who breastfed their last-born child born in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-W