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Liquids given before breastmilk, first 3 days: Ghur (last birth)

Codes and Frequencies

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For women who gave birth in the five years before the survey, NBFEDGHUR_01 indicates whether the child was given ghur in the first three days after delivery (for the last birth).

Comparability — Index



NBFEDGHUR_01 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

NBFEDGHUR_01 is based on an open-ended question about foods given to newborns in the first three days after delivery, included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phases IV through VI. NBFEDGHUR_01 is a country-specific response category.

In Phase IV, the standard questionnaire asks, "What was (NAME) given to drink before your milk began flowing regularly?"

In Phases V and VI, the standard questionnaires ask, "What was (NAME) given to drink?"

Comparability — Pakistan [top]

The 1991 Pakistan sample includes "ghur" as a write-in response category.


  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey and who breastfed the child, but who did not put the child to the breast "immediately."
  • Pakistan: 1991-W