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Known source for ORS: Family welfare worker (public) (Pakistan)

Codes and Frequencies

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ORSPK1 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, the woman reported a family welfare worker as a source for oral rehydration solution (ORS). ORS is typically used to treat dehydration in individuals with diarrhea. This response is country-specific to Pakistan.

Some samples in the "ORS" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

ORSPK1 is combined with ORSPK2 (lady health worker) in ORSPUBFW (all public fieldworkers) for the 1991 Pakistan sample. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using ORSPK1 are encouraged to review ORSPUBFW for a more comprehensive response category.


ORSPK1 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

A question about sources of ORS is included in Phase II of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Although ORSPK1 is a country-specific response, this variable is combined with other responses in ORSPUBFW, a variable that encompasses all public fieldworkers as a source for ORS. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of ORSPK1 or the Comparability tab of ORSPUBFW for more information on the specific categories combined for Pakistan 1991.


  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49, who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey, who have ever heard of ORS.
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 1991-C, 1991-B