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OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_X)
Any other live births in interval between birth and previous reported birth

OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_x) variables are 1-digit variables.

Codes

0 = No
1 = Yes
8 = Don't know
9 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_x) indicates whether there were any other live births in the interval between this birth and the previously reported birth. The survey form included the question, "Were there any other live births between (NAME OF PREVIOUS BIRTH) and (NAME), including any children who died?"

For DHS Phase III only, OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_x) is limited to "Births for which the interval between the birth and the previously reported birth was four or more years (B14 =1)," according to the Recode Manuals. For later Phases, the universe is all second- and higher-order births.

The DHS Recode Manuals include the following explanatory note about this variable:

Variables B14 and B15 are questions used in the interview to try and ascertain if the respondent had omitted any live births while reporting her birth history. The birth history may have been modified during the interviewing process, and the responses may not now correspond to the interval between the birth and the preceding birth recorded in this section. The data have been included to help indicate cases where the respondent may have omitted live births while originally reporting the birth history. The omitted births should be included in this final version of the birth history.

OTHBIRTHININT_ALL consists of a set of twenty separate variables, covering the most recent birth (OTHBIRTHININT_01) up to the twentieth-most-recent birth (OTHBIRTHININT_20) for a female respondent of childbearing age. If OTHBIRTHININT_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

Information for this variable was collected on all births for a woman, up to a maximum of twenty births. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to twenty births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 19 or 20 births). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 20 births and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then OTHBIRTHININT_20 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Nigeria
South Africa

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_x) is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

OTHBIRTHININT_ALL (B15_x) is a standard variable for the DHS for Phase III forward.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The 1999 Nigerian survey identified births with a previous birth interval of more than two years, while most DHS Phase 2 surveys identified births with a previous birth interval of more than four years.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 1998 South Africa survey identified births with a previous birth interval of more than two years, while most DHS Phase 2 surveys identified births with a previous birth interval of more than four years.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49 with at least one birth.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 with at least one birth.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 with at least one birth.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 with at least one birth.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child is dead and was not their first birth.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first pregnancy, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first pregnancy.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 2 years since the previous birth.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 with at least one birth.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first pregnancy.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first pregnancy, with a birth interval of at least 2 years since the previous birth.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth, with a birth interval of at least 4 years since the previous birth.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 whose last-born child was not their first birth.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-W
  • Angola: 2015-W
  • Bangladesh: 1997-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2007-W, 2011-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 2003-W, 2010-W
  • Burundi: 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 2004-W, 2011-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1998-W, 2011-W
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 2000-W, 2005-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2005-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 2005-W, 2012-W
  • India: 2005-W, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1997-W, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2009-W, 2014-W
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 2003-W, 2008-W
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Mali: 1995-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 2003-W, 2011-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-W
  • Namibia: 2000-W, 2006-W, 2013-W
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Niger: 1998-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2013-W
  • Pakistan: 2006-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 2005-W, 2010-W, 2012-W, 2014-W, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 1998-W, 2016-W
  • Tanzania: 1996-W, 1999-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 1995-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-W, 1999-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2015-W